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  • 785D - Mining Trucks
  • 785D - Mining Trucks
  • 785D - Mining Trucks
  • 785D - Mining Trucks
  • 785D - Mining Trucks
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The 785D Mining Truck is engineered for performance, designed for comfort, and built to last. Developed specifically for high production mining and construction applications, the 785D Mining Truck keeps material moving at high volume to lower your cost-per-ton. Rugged construction creates a durable machine. Easy maintenance procedures ensure high reliability and  long life with low operating costs.

Gross Power
1082 kW
Engine Model
Cat® 3512C HD
Top Speed
54.8 km/h


Related Materials
File Format Size
785D Brochure pdf 7.08 MiB


The Cat® 3512C HD engine delivers high power and reliability.


The 3512C HD is a 12-cylinder, four-stroke design that uses long, effective power strokes for more complete fuel combustion and optimum fuel efficiency.

EPA Compliant

Where applicable, the 3512C engine is compliant with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency emission requirements.

Altitude Compensation

Designed for maximum operating efficiencies at altitudes under 4267 m (14,000 ft).

High Torque Rise

The 23 percent net torque rise provides unequalled lugging force during acceleration, on steep grades and in rough underfoot conditions. Torque rise effectively matches transmission shift points for maximum efficiency and fast cycle times.

Enhanced Life

High displacement, low rpm rating and conservative horsepower ratings mean more time on the haul roads and  less time in the  shop.

Oil Renewal System

Optional oil renewal system extends engine oil change intervals from 500 hours to 4,000 hours or more to increase machine availability and reduce costs.

Vibratory Plate Compactors

Computerized system electronically protects the engine during cold starts, high altitude operation, air filter plugging, high exhaust temperature and engine overspeed (ARC). Optional Engine Pre-Lubrication builds up oil pressure before cranking providing additional wear protection.

Fuel Efficiency

The engine provides additional retarding by running against compression on downhill hauls. During retarding applications the engine ECM does not inject fuel into the cylinders for exceptional fuel economy.

Unmatched operating efficiency in all mining conditions.

Mechanical Power Train

The Cat mechanical drive power train and power shift transmission provides unmatched operating efficiency and control on steep grades, in poor underfoot conditions, and on haul roads with high rolling resistance.

1) Transmission

The Cat six-speed planetary power shift transmission is matched with the direct-injection 3512C engine to deliver constant power over a wide range of operating speeds.

Robust Design

Designed to efficiently apply the higher horsepower of the 3512C engine, the proven planetary power shift transmission is built tough for long life between overhauls.

Transmission Chassis Control (TCC)

TCC uses electronically transferred engine rpm data to execute shifts at preset points for optimum performance, efficiency and clutch life.

2) Lock-Up Torque Converter

Combines maximum rimpull and cushioned shifting of torque converter drive with the efficiency and performance of direct drive. Engages at approximately 8 km/h (5 mph), delivering more power to the wheels.

3) Final Drives

Cat final drives work as a system with the planetary power shift transmission to deliver maximum power to the ground. Built to withstand the forces of high torque and impact loads, double reduction final drives provide high torque multiplication to further reduce drive train stress.

Wheels and Rims

Cast rear wheels and Cat center-mount rims are mounted using studs to minimize installation, maintenance and maximize durability.

Rear Axle Filtration

A new pump drive system provides continuous rear axle filtration. Benefits include cleaner oil, less downtime and improved component life.

Electronically optimizes overall truck performance.

Cat Data Link

Electronically integrates machine computer systems to optimize overall power train performance, increase reliability and component life, and reduce operating costs.

Electronic Technician (Cat ET)

Cat ET service tool provides service technicians with easy access to stored diagnostic data through the Cat Data Link to simplify problem diagnosis and increase machine availability.

Integrated Braking Control (IBC)

IBC integrates Automatic Retarder Control and Traction Control into one system for optimum performance and efficiency.

Body-up Reverse Neutralizer

Automatically shifts the transmission to neutral if the hoist lever is activated while transmission is shifted in reverse.

Supplemental Steering

Supplemental Steering system uses pressure accumulators and allows up to three 90-degree turns in case of engine failure.

Rugged Cat designs are the backbone of the 785D mining truck’s durability.

Box-Section Design

The 785D frame uses a box-section design, incorporating two forgings and 24 castings in high stress areas with deep penetrating and continuous wrap-around welds to resist damage from twisting loads without adding extra weight.


The open box-section frame design allows easy access to power train components, reducing overall removal and installation time, and lowering overall repair costs. The raised and pinned body allows excellent access to the transmission.

Steel Structures

Mild steel used throughout frame provides flexibility, durability and resistance to impact loads, even in cold climates, and allows for easy field repairs.

Integral Four-Post ROPS Cab

Resiliently mounted to the main frame to reduce vibration and sound, the integral ROPS is designed as an extension of the truck frame. The ROPS/FOPS structure provides “five-sided protection” for the operator and instructor.

Suspension System

Designed to dissipate haul road and loading impacts for longer frame life and a more comfortable ride.

Steering System

Hydraulic steering control system is designed for exceptional smoothness and precise control. A separate circuit prevents cross contamination for long life.

Supplemental Steering

Supplemental steering system uses pressure accumulators and allows up to three 90-degree turns in case of engine failure.


Four independent self-contained, oil pneumatic, variable rebound suspension cylinders are designed to absorb shocks in the most severe applications.

Durable Design

Rugged cylinders utilize large diameter bore and low pressure nitrogen/oil design for long life with minimal maintenance.

Designed for operator safety and comfort, superior control and high productivity.

Enhanced Operator Visibility

Through the use of the fully Integrated Object Detection System, RADAR AND CAMERA, the operator can receive both audible and visual indications of detected objects.

Ergonomic Layout

The 785D operator station is ergonomically designed for total machine control in a comfortable, productive and safe environment. All controls, levers, switches and gauges are positioned to maximize productivity and minimize operator fatigue.

Quiet Cab

Integral, sound-suppressed ROPS/FOPS cab is resiliently mounted to the mainframe to isolate the operator from sound and vibration for a quiet, secure and comfortable ride.

Viewing Area

Designed for excellent all-around visibility and clear sight lines to the haul road, the large viewing area enables the operator to maneuver with confidence for high productivity. 1) Air Suspension Seat with Three-Point Operator Restraint 2) Hoist Lever 3) Secondary Brake Pedal 4) Monitoring System 5) Steering Column 6) Transmission Console 7) Parking Brake Reset Valve 8) Storage Compartment 9) Trainer Seat 10) Operator Window 11) Operator Controls 12) Heating/Air Conditioning

Radio Ready

The operator’s station comes ready with power ports, speakers, antenna, and electrical connections to facilitate trouble-free radio installation. Consult your dealer for the complete line of available Cat radio options including satellite radio.

Superior control gives the operator confidence to focus on productivity.

Integrated Braking System

The Cat oil-cooled braking system delivers reliable performance and superior control in the most extreme haul road conditions. Automatic brake modulation offers a smoother ride and better control in slippery conditions, allowing the operator to concentrate on driving. The two piston design system combines the service, secondary, parking brake and retarding functions in the same robust system for optimum braking efficiency.

Four Corner Retarding

Four corner retarding with 60/40 percent split (rear/front) in braking effort provides superior control in slippery conditions. Balanced front to rear brake torque provides exceptional braking performance and minimizes wheel lock-up, especially during retarding.

Oil-Cooled Multiple Disc Brakes

Cat four-wheel, forced oil-cooled, multiple disc service brakes are continuously cooled by water-to-oil heat exchangers for exceptional, non-fade braking and retarding performance.

Extended Life Disc Brakes

Cat oil-cooled disc brakes are designed with large discs and plates for reliable, adjustment-free operation and performance. Brakes are completely enclosed and sealed to prevent contamination and reduce maintenance. Additionally, this machine features new extended life friction material that is now standard on this model. The friction material has double the wear life of standard brakes and is twice as resistant to glazing resulting in more consistent braking power with less noise.


The primary piston hydraulically actuates both service and retarding functions. The secondary piston is spring-applied and held in the disengaged position by hydraulic pressure. If hydraulic system pressure drops below a specified level, the spring-applied secondary piston automatically applies the brakes.

Parking Brake

The superior parking brake function on this truck is provided by the oil-cooled, spring-applied, hydraulically-released service brakes at all four wheels. This reliable and durable parking brake will hold a truck carrying a rated load on any grade up to 15 percent.

Caterpillar designed and built for the toughest mining applications.

Cat Truck Bodies

Matching the truck body to the application is a critical part of achieving the best value from your 785D. Caterpillar offers a variety of application specific body options that yield a payload ranging from 131 to 143 metric tons (144 to 157 tons). The Caterpillar exclusive 10/10/20 payload guidelines help achieve a balance of excellent payload with safe operation.

Body Options

1) Cat “X” Body - The X body is a heavy duty body configured with a variety of liner options to meet site specific requirements of a mine. Like the Dual Slope - the X body is designed for durability across a range of harsh applications. 2) Mine Specific Body (MSD II) - For mature mines with good operational and maintenance practices, the lighter weight MSD II (Mine Specific Design) body is available in several sizes. It is a customer/site specific body that is designed to maximize performance. The MSD II is designed to maximize payload, provide good durability and can be configured with a variety of liner options to meet the specific requirements of the mine. 3) Gateless Coal Body - This specialized high volume body, available in several sizes, is targeted at dedicated coal haulage applications with minimal impact. The kicked up floor design eliminates the tailgate and gives the volume required to meet target payload. 4) Dual Slope Body - The original standard body, the Dual Slope body, provides excellent load retention, maintains a low center of gravity with optimum load distribution, reduces shock loading and is available in lined and unlined configurations. The Dual Slope body is intended for tough applications including greenfield sites and contracting mines.

Custom Body Options

A variety of options including tail extensions, sideboards, tumble bars, rock boxes and rock shedders are available to maintain rated payload, reduce spillage and improve hauling efficiencies.

Vital machine health and payload data keeps the 785D performing.

VIMS® Monitoring System

The Caterpillar designed machine monitoring system provides critical machine health and payload information to the operator and service personnel. With the system monitoring and the advanced diagnostic ability, VIMS simplifies troubleshooting and reduces downtime by identifying abnormal conditions before they cause damage. VIMS also stores machine data to help manage production and utilize the efficiency Preventative Maintenance.

Production Management

Production Management enhances truck/loading tool effectiveness, improves fleet productivity and helps extend the life of truck frames, tires, rims and power train components, while lowering operating and maintenance cost.

Payload Management

Max Payload Speed Manager is a feature that aids in managing the Caterpillar 10/10/20 Overload Policy. Based on target payload weight and overload settings, the VIMS system logs and warns the operator when the truck reaches overload after second gear reweigh. The truck will be limited to second gear at 1,750 rpm, and the automatic retarder speed setting is reduced to 1,750 rpm until the load is dumped.

Road Analysis Control (RAC)

Optional system monitors haul road conditions by measuring frame rack and pitch to improve haul road maintenance, cycle times, tire life and fuel efficiency.


VIMS-PC, the off-board reporting software program, allows service personnel to download a complete record of machine health and productivity data to a laptop computer for diagnosis and analysis. Easy-to-use software enables service technicians and mine management to generate health and payload reports for more effective machine management.

VIMS Supervisor

Optional software allows mine management to easily manage and interpret VIMS data for optimum fleet management and productivity.

Machine Management

Service technicians or mine personnel can download data and generate reports. Data can be used to improve effectiveness of scheduled maintenance programs, maximize component life, improve machine availability, and lower operating costs.

Gauge Cluster

Conveniently located gauge cluster maintains a constant display of vital machine functions.

Cat mining machines and systems: Safety is priority one.

Product Safety

Caterpillar has been and continues to be proactive in developing mining machines that meet or exceed safety standards. Safety is an integral part of all machine and system designs.

Access and Egress

Improvements for machine level access and egress include a standard 600 mm (24 in) diagonal stairway across the front of the machine. Improvements for ground level access include an optional powered access stairway.

Integrated Object Detection Systems

Object Detection Systems are factory installed as standard equipment on 785D mining trucks. The fully Integrated Object Detection System, RADAR AND CAMERA, provides both audible and visual indications of detected objects. This system uses a combination of short and medium range radars which surround the machine, along with cameras on each side to allow the operator to confirm the detected object. The cameras supplement the radar alerts and are selectable by touch screen menus through an intuitive interface.

Overload Policy

Adherence to the Caterpillar 10/10/20 Overload Policy assures that steering and braking systems have sufficient capacity to perform.

Standard Safety Features

Slip resistant surfaces, retractable, seat/shoulder belts with three-point operator restraint, wide-angle mirrors, body raised indicator, body retaining cable, guard rails, reverse neutralizer when dumping, low interior sound level, secondary steering system, ground level access shutoff switches.


A variety of features improve sustainability in areas of decreasing waste, extending component life and lowering emissions levels.

Sustainabilty Features

The 785D Mining Truck offers oil renewal systems, continuous rear axle filtration, extended life filters and extended maintenance intervals which aid in decreasing the amount of waste contributed to our environment.

Engines with Advanced Technology

Engines with advanced technology contribute less emissions to the environment while maintaining fuel efficiency.

Advanced Surface Technology (AST)

Advanced Surface Technology (AST) is a replacement for hard chrome coatings on some steel parts, including suspension and hoist cylinder rods. This technology improves wear resistance and reduces repair time. Chrome has been eliminated to reduce environmental impact.

Fuel Efficiency

The engine provides additional retarding by running against compression on downhill hauls. During retarding applications the engine ECM does not inject fuel into the cylinders for exceptional fuel economy.


Standard Equipment
Gross Power - SAE J1995 1082 kW
Net Power - SAE J1349 1005 kW
Engine Model Cat® 3512C HD
Bore 170 mm
Stroke 215 mm
Displacement 58.56 l
Standard Equipment
Rated Gross Machine Weight 249476 kg
Body Weight - MSD 21200 kg
Chassis Weight 83130 kg
Nominal Rated Payload 141 t
Standard Equipment
Forward - 1 12.1 km/h
Forward - 2 16.3 km/h
Forward - 3 22.2 km/h
Forward - 4 29.9 km/h
Forward - 5 40.6 km/h
Forward - 6 54.8 km/h
Reverse 11 km/h
Top Speed - Loaded 54.8 km/h
Standard Equipment
Differential Ratio 2.10:1
Planetary Ratio 10.83:1
Total Reduction Ratio 22.75:1
Standard Equipment
Effective Cylinder Stroke - Front 306.5 mm
Effective Cylinder Stroke - Rear 165 mm
Standard Equipment
Brake Surface - Front 61270 cm²
Brake Surface - Rear 89729 cm²
Standards SAE J1473 OCT90 ISO 3450-1985
Standard Equipment
Pump Flow - High Idle 750 l/min
Relief Valve Setting - Raise 17238 kPa
Body Raise Time - High Idle 15.2 s
Body Lower Time - High Idle 15.9 s
Body Lower Time - Float 16.2 s
Body Power Down - High Idle 15.9 s
Standard Equipment
Body Weight 22295 kg
Heaped (SAE 2:1) 78 m³
Standard Equipment
Body Weight 25160 kg
Heaped (SAE 2:1) 85 m³
Standard Equipment
Turning Diameter - Front 29.8 m
Steer Angle 36 °
Steering Standards SAE J1511 OCT90 ISO 5010:1992
Standard Equipment
Front Axle - Empty* 45-46%
Rear Axle - Empty* 54-55%
Front Axle - Loaded - Target 33 %
Rear Axle - Loaded - Target 67 %
Rear Axle - Loaded *Depends on body configuration.
Rear Axle - Empty *Depends on body configuration.
Note Weight distributions optimized with Cat body.
Standard Equipment
Fuel Tank - Standard 1893 l
Cooling System 379 l
Crankcase 204 l
Differential - Final Drives 436 l
Steering Tank 90 l
Steering System - Including Tank 117 l
Brake/Hoist Hydraulic Tank 337 l
Brake Hoist System - Includes Tank 641 l
Torque Converter/Transmission System - Including Sump 248 l
Standard Equipment
ROPS Standards SAE J1040 APR88 ISO 3471:1994
Standard Equipment
Sound Standards ANSI/SAE J1166 MAY90 SAE J88 APR95
Standard Equipment
Standard Tires 33.00-R51 (E3 & E4)